DISCOVER Alba Iulia:
Alba Iulia is one of the oldest settlements in Romania, known in ancient time as Apulum. Remains of Dacian hovels dated 100 BC were found in Alba Iulia. The Dacians were a people of Thracian and a highly elaborate civilisation: they believed in the immortality of the soul and formed a society divided into classes. In 107 BC, Dacians were subdued by Emperor Trajan, and the country became a Roman province.The Roman colonials built fortresses, roads and cities: Ulpia Trajana and Apulum. The Romanians claim that the Romanized Dacians are their direct ancestors.
An Episcopal citadel and an important political, military and cultural center, Alba Iulia reached its peak between 1542-1690, serving as the capital of the independent Principality of Transylvania and the residence of the Transylvanian princes. In 1599, Prince Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave) achieved here for a brief period of time the union of the three main provinces of Romania: Walachia, Transylvania, and Moldavia. The Habsburgic suzereignty was established in 1701 - Alba Iulia was completely revamped in Baroque style. The citadel was built from 1714 to 1738 by the Italian military architect Giovanni Morando Visconti following Vauban's principles. Later the city became a symbol of the fight for justice and freedom, when leaders Horea, Closca and Crisan of the peasant revolt from 1785 were executed on the Pitchfork Hill (Dealul Furcii). It was here that on December 1st 1918 the province of Transylvania announced its unification with Romania. In 1922 Prince Ferdinand was crowned King of Romania in an act which mirrored the union achieved more than four centuries earlier by Mihai Viteazul.
EXPERIENCE in Alba Iulia:
• For those interested in natural attractions and outdoor adventures, Alba Iulia is a good starting point for exploring the Apuseni and Retezat parks.
EXPLORE the city of Alba Iulia:
In the old town visitors can stroll along the wide, tree-lined streets of the Habsburg citadel, one of the most impressive in Europe, to discover the historical, cultural and architectural places of interest of Alba Iulia:
• The Citadel (Cetatea Alba Iulia) - was built in between 1716 and 1735, using the Vauban military architectural system-the largest of this kind in Southeastern Europe. The fortress is outstanding both for its architectural elements and for the beauty of its six gates, unique in European military structures. About 7.2 miles of ramparts made of brick and quarry stones form a seven-point star shape with seven bastions guarded by six monumental gates (valuable samples of early baroque style).
• Princely Palace (Palatul Princiar) - built in the 16th century, was Prince Mihai Viteazul's residence during the first political unification of Romanians in the 1600s.
• Union Hall(Sala Unirii) - the place where the unification act between Romania's other historical provinces and Transylvania was signed during the Great Assembly of December 1st 1918.
• Batthyaneum Library (Biblioteca Batthyaneum). In 1780, Ignac Batthyany, bishop of Transylvania, transformed a former Unitarian church into one of the most famous libraries in Transylvania. The Batthyaneum library is known all over the world for its rare manuscripts - over 60,000 documents.
• Apor Palace - built in the second half of the 17th century, it served as the residence of Prince Apor, and at the beginning of the 18th century as that of Austrian army leader, Prince Steinville. The palace was renovated in 2007.
• Roman Catholic Cathedral - the oldest and most valuable monument of architecture in Transylvania, was built in the 13th century on the site of a Romanesque church destroyed during the Tartar invasion of 1241, features one of the most impressive early Renaissance interiors in Transylvania. The light coming in from the Gothic windows helps create inside an ethereal atmosphere.
• Orthodox Cathedral of the Reunification - located near the western entrance of the citadel, the impressive Orthodox Cathedral was built between 1921 and 1923 to celebrate Transylvania's reunification with Romania.
• Babilon Building - housing the National Museum of Unification, was originally built for military purposes and transformed later into a museum.
Romania awaits for you to DISCOVER, EXPERIENCE, EXPLORE the city of Alba-Iulia. Come with us and have a Idyllic Romania holiday with a unique experience, by booking one of our tours or just send us your enquiry and we will configure a tailor made program, just for you and your friends.
This is just a general presentation of the main events and sights of the city. For any further information please do not hasitate tu contact us.